Moses Alexander, Jewish Governor of Idaho, First Jewish Governor in the United States

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Moses Alexander

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Moses Alexander, Jewish Governor of Idaho

Moses Alexander, Jewish Governor of Idaho

 

Moses Alexander was born in 1853, in Obrigheim, Bavaria, the youngest of a family of eight children

Moses Alexander came to United States at 14 years of age, selling newspapers in New York City.

In New York, he had two sisters, but neither of whom had room for him in their homes.

Mr. Jacob Berg, a store owner in Chillicothe, MO, visited the sisters and was introduced to Moses.

 

Along the way . . . .

Mr. Berg offered Moses Alexander a job and transportation to Missouri

At first, Moses Alexander worked as janitor and then a stock clerk for his room and board and $10/month at Jacob Berg & Co.

After a year Moses Alexander was selling in the Men’s Department, and eventually became the Head of the Men’s Department.

Moses Alexander developed a special trait: he never forgot a face or a name.

When Mr. Berg died, his partner took Moses Alexander into the new firm as a partner called Wallbrunn & Alexander.

 

Civic

Moses Alexander was elected to City Council of Chillicothe, Missouri in 1886

He was elected Mayor in 1888, and was known for saving the town from bankruptcy.

 

Moses Alexander’s doctor recommended that he move West to a dryer climate.

 

Idaho

Moses Alexander saw that Boise would be the capital of this new state, and that he could get in on the “ground floor.”

Alexander’s opened shop in 1891.

Business prospered, and his wife was in charge of alterations.

Alexander's Store, Boise, Idaho

Alexander’s Store, Boise, Idaho

Community

Moses Alexander invited a gathering of Boise’s Jews to a meeting where they organized Congregation Beth Israel of Boise, Idaho.

He was elected Vice-President.

The temple was completed within a year and Moses Alexander was one of its lay Rabbis.

 

Civic

Moses Alexander was elected Mayor of Boise in 1897 and again in 1901

He ran for Governor in 1908, but was defeated.

He ran again and was elected in 1914 – and became the first Jewish  elected State Governor in the United States

Idaho State Capital, Vintage Postcard

Idaho State Capital, Vintage Postcard

 

At first, he was the only Democrat in State office – and most of his reforms were vetoed by the legislature.

Running for a second term, the Democrats were swepted into office – thus accomplishing:

  1. A Prohibition Law
  2. A Workingmen’s Compensation Act
  3. A State Highway System
  4. The Completion the Arrowduck Dam
  5. The dedication of the Dallas-Celilo Canal – an open waterway from Lewiston, Idaho to the sea.
  6. The furnishing Idaho’s quota of troops in World War I

Family

While in Chillicothe, Missouri, Moses Alexander met Hadwick Kaestner, German girl employed in Mr. Berg’s, then Mr. Wallbrunn’s house.

In 1876 she converted to Judaism, was confirmed, and given the name of Helena.

Moses and Helena were married soon afterwards

Mrs. Moses Alexander

Mrs. Moses Alexander

Together they had four children, three daughters and one son.

 

Moses Alexander died in 1932

 

Source

  • Juanita Brooks, The History of the Jews in Utah & Idaho, Western Epics, SKC, Utah, 1973.

Any photos of or about the Alexanders would be appreciated.

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