Minnesota Exhibition Hall

Minnesota Exhibition Hall

Minnesota Centenial Stamp

Minnesota Centennial Stamp

St. Paul, Minnesota was the northern-most steamboat landing on the Mississippi River.

It was there that the first Jewish pioneers created Mt. Zion Hebrew Congregation in 1856.

Most of these early German-Jewish pioneers became clothing and dry goods merchants, fur traders, and cigar makers.

Eastern-European Jewish pioneers who arrived in the late 1880’s became craftsmen on the new railroads, scrap metal dealers, and workers in garment factories.

Minnesota Welcome Vintage Postcard

Greetings from Minnesota, vintage postcard

Jewish pioneers spread into newer towns, such as Austin, Albert Lea, and Mankato, mostly as merchandisers of dry goods.

Once iron ore was discovered, Duluth‘s Jewish population soared, reaching a peak of about 4,000.

New towns, such as Virginia, Hibbing, Chisholm, and Eveleth then flourished with Jewish merchants.


Jewish Organizations

Mount Zion Temple of St. Paul: Minnesota’s First Synagogue, est. 1856

Chevra B’nai Ya’akov/Beth Jacob of St. Paul, Minnesota

Shaarai Tov/Temple Israel of Minneapolis, Minnesota, est. 1878

Minnesota Postcards, 1904-1910

Early Jewish Pioneers

Julius Austrian: Early Jewish Pioneer Merchant of Northern Minnesota & Wisconsin

The Elfelt Brothers: Edwin, Charles & Abram, Early Jewish Pioneer Merchants of St. Paul Minnesota

Isaac Marks: Jewish Pioneer Merchant of Manketo, Minnesota

Jacob Jackson Noah: Pioneer Jewish Attorney of St. Paul, Minnesota

Maurice Mordecai Samuel: Jewish Pioneer Fur Trader and Civil War Army Officer of Early Minnesota

Cowgirl Minnesota Vintage Postcard

Cowgirl, Minnesota, vintage postcard