Chevra Bikur Holim: Seattle’s First Orthodox Synagogue, 1889 – 1989

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Chevra Bikur Holim

 

In 1880, 145 Jews lived in the Washington territory.

There was no official synagogue, nor was there a Jewish cemetery.

Services were held in Jacob Alpern’s store on Front Street.

Jewish holidays often were celebrated in rented rooms and the deceased were shipped to Victoria, British Columbia for burial.

 

In 1889, Chevra Bikur Holim was founded in Seattle and officially became incorporated in 1891.

A plot of land at Oak Lake Cemetery was purchased in 1890 for Jewish burials.

Dr. B. Myers and Aaron Garfinkle served as the first president and vice-president, respectively, in 1891.

The first rabbi, though unofficial in title and salary, was Rabbi Hirsh Genss, who began his service to Bikur Holim in 1889, as a schochet, mohel and rabbi.

 

The First Building — 1898

Until 1897, services were held in rented rooms and tents, such as the Hinkley Block on Second Avenue and Columbia Street and “Seattle Central” on Fifth Avenue and Washington Street.

In 1898, when it became clear that the Jews of Seattle needed a more permanent place of worship, they purchased a property at 13th and Washington.

The house was remodeled so that it consisted of one large room with space for 120 seats and a balcony for the women with space for 80 seats.

For Rosh Hashanah services in 1898, the new synagogue was too small to hold all the congregants, so they rented Morris Hall at Broadway and Yesler for additional space.

In 1889, the Talmud Torah (school) was located in the Seattle Central Building at 5th and Washington.

By 1900, the Bikur Holim members had constructed a permanent structure on the lot next door to the synagogue house at 13th and Washington.

The first mikvah was located in the basement of Zalman Grozinsky’s home at 1217 South Washington Street.

 

Bikur Holim officially became a congregation in 1900.  Annual membership cost 75 cents and High Holiday tickets were $2.50 each.

Rabbi Gendaligh Halpern, first "official" rabbi of Bikur Cholim, 1905-1910. #WS0179

Rabbi Gendaligh Halpern, first “official” rabbi of Bikur Holim, 1905-1910.
#WS0179

In 1909, the Ladies’ Auxiliary was founded.  Their fundraising efforts were responsible for the gold and white Aron Hakodesh, complete with electric lights.

In 1916, the building was sold to another congregation: Sephardic Bikur Holim.

 

The Second Building – 1910

In 1909, Bikur Holim purchased a new synagogue at 17th and Yesler for $15,000.  Construction on the lower floor was completed in time for the 1910 Rosh Hashanah services, though the congregation still held overflow services at the original synagogue location.

In 1912, Chevra Bikur Holim purchased additional cemetery plots.

In 1913, B. Marcus Priteca, a Seattle architect who also created the coliseum, opera house and Orpheum, designed the synagogue at 17th and Yesler, dedicating it in 1915.

Congregation Bikur Cholim, 1910s. WS0175

Congregation Bikur Holim, 1910s.
WS0175

In 1913, the Talmud Torah was located at 18th and Fir.  Then, in 1917, they moved it to the vestry of their 17th and Yesler building.

 

During World War I, the Jewish population of Seattle grew due to a rise in Russian immigration to the Pacific Northwest.

In 1918, Rabbi Simon Glazer of Montreal became the rabbi of Chevra Bikur Cholim.  

In 1919, a Kashrut committee was appointed to supervise the purchase and distribution of kosher meat.

From 1920-21, a Mikvah building was completed, located at 18th Avenue and Spruce Street.

In 1924, the choir was led by Al Hoffman, who went on to compose popular music.

Also in 1924, Bikur Holim purchased additional lots at 12th and Spruce.

In 1930, B. Marcus Priteca designed the new school, built on property purchased at 25th and Columbia.

Congregation Bikur Cholim Fair & Bazaar Invitation, 1910, #WS0177

Congregation Bikur Cholim Fair & Bazaar Invitation, 1910,
#WS0177

In 1932, the Hachnos Orchim Society was founded to assist Seattle Jews affected by the depression.  In 1939, the society worked to help German Jews fleeing from the Nazis.

In 1939, they built a synagogue library.

From 1941-51, Bikur Holim supported the soldiers traveling to nearby military posts.

In 1958, a summer camp was established for the congregation’s children.

Due to the changing neighborhood demographic, the board voted to sell the Yesler and 17th synagogue building in 1967  and held their last services there in 1970.

This synagogue building (including the mikvah) is now the Langston Hughes Cultural Arts Center.

 

Congregation Bikur Cholim-Seattle,WA [19105]^Dedication Invitation, #WS0178

Congregation Bikur Cholim-Seattle,WA [19105]^Dedication Invitation,
#WS0178

The Yavneh Branch – 1967

As congregants moved to Seward Park, they began to hold services at a house in their new neighborhood, an auxiliary to the Yesler synagogue.

As the population grew, they moved to Ezra Bessaroth Congregation’s downstairs social hall.

In 1967, the Yavneh Branch of Bikur Holim built a new building on the grounds of the Ezra Bessaroth Congregation.

Another auxiliary minyan was created on Capitol Hill in the Temple De Hirsch building.

 

The Third Building – 1971

Construction for the third building of Bikur Holim began in 1971 at 5145 South Morgan Street.

A new mikvah was built in 1970 in Seward Park, a joint project funded by Chevra Bikur Holim, Ezra Bessaroth and Sephardic Bikur Holim.

In 1971, Bikur Holim merged with Congregation Machzikay Hadath calling themselves Bikur Holim Machzikay Hadath.

In 1971, the congregants brought the original Aron Hakodesh from the Yesler building and installed in the Seward Park synagogue.  The sisterhood’s fundraising efforts provided for the installation of stained glass windows of the twelve tribes on the walls.

Rabbi Moses Londinski became the rabbi of the new congregation in 1972.

A fire in 1981 caused minimal damage.

Today, 1989, Congregation Bikur Holim Machzikay Hadath is thriving.

They continue to hold satellite services in Capitol Hill.

For more information see:

  • Congregation Bikur Holim-Machzikay Hadath of Seattle: The Beginning Years; Buttnick, Meta; 22/2

Also see “Family of Strangers”

Bikur Cholim, building now and Arts Center, #WS0181

Bikur Holim, building now and Arts Center, #WS0181

 

Samantha Silver is our Curator for this Chevra Bikur Holim Virtual Exhibit.

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