Sam Dreben, D.S.C., “The Fighting Jew”
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Sam Dreben was born in 1878 in Poltava, Ukraine, Russia.
Sam Dreben arrived in the United States in 1899.
He settled in Philadelphia, where some of his relatives lived.
Along the way …
In 1899, Sam Dreben joined Company G of the 14th infantry fighting in the Philippines.
His salary was $15 a week, a uniform and three free meals per day.
In 1900, during the Boxer Rebellion, Sam Dreben’s infantry company headed to China.
After the fighting ended, Dreben returned to the United States.
He took a job as a municipal rat catcher in San Francisco, California.
Around 1904, Dreben reenlisted, joining the 29th Infantry in Nicaragua and Panama.
Following this tour of duty, Dreben joined General Lee Christmas to fight in the Guatemalan revolution.
It was here that Dreben met his life-long friend Tracy Richardson.
During the Mexican revolution, Sam Dreben lived in El Paso, Texas.
He joined the 141st Infantry, Company A.
In 1913, he fought at Pancho Villa’s side.
The war progressed, and in 1916, Sam Dreben discontinued his alliance to Villa and joined General John Pershing’s campaign.
In 1917, Dreben returned to civilian life, briefly.
Then, World War I caught his attention and he reenlisted with the 141st Regiment of the 36th Infantry.
In 1918, Sergeant Sam Dreben earned the American Distinguished Service Cross, the French Croix de Guerre, the Medaille Millitaire and the Italian War Cross.
In 1921, Sam Dreben was chosen to be a part of the Honor Guard at the burial of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetery.
In 1923, Dreben moved to Los Angeles, California with his second wife.
He worked for the West Coast Life Insurance Company.
Sam Dreben married Helen Spence (b.1898) in 1917 in El Paso, Texas.
They had one daughter, who died in infancy while Dreben was fighting in World War I.
Sam and Helen divorced in 1919.
Sam Dreben married his second wife, Meade Andrews, in 1923.
Sam Dreben died in 1925 in Los Angeles, California due to a medical error.
He is buried in the Grand View Memorial Park in Glendale (Section M, Lot 270, Grave 7).
When Sam Dreben died, the Texas legislature shut down for the day, flying their flags at half-staff, to honor the highly decorated soldier.
He achieved the rank of 1st Sergeant.
General Pershing often referred to Sam Dreben as “the finest soldier and one of the bravest men I ever knew.”
Damon Runyon, writer and friend of Sam Dreben, wrote the following poem in 1942, praising Dreben’s bravery:
There’s a story in that paper
I just tossed upon the floor
That speaks of prejudice against the Jews;
There’s a photo on the table
That’s a memory of the war
And a man who never figured in the news.
There’s a cross upon his breast —
That’s the D.S.C. (distinguished Service Cross)
The Croix de Guerre, the Millitaire,
– These, too.
And there’s a heart beneath the medals
That beats loyal, brave and true —
Now whenever I read articles
That breathe of racial hate,
Or hear arguments that hold his kind to scorn,
I always see that photo
With the cap upon his pate
And the nose the size of Bugler Dugan’s horn.
I see upon his breast
The Croix de Guerre, the Militaire —
And I think, Thank God Almighty
We have more than a few
For more information see Western States Jewish History, V44 #1
The remarkable true-life adventures of Samuel Dreben, the fighting Jew – Part 3 by Gerald Meister (http://www.pencilstubs.com/magazine/MagPage.asp?NID=1093)
Sam Dreben Soldiered All Over the World by EPCC Libraries (http://epcc.libguides.com/content.php?pid=309255&sid=2603472)
Samatha Silver is the curator for this Sam Dreben Exhibit.