Values Code: I-E-L-P
John Jones was born in either Poland or in London of Polish parents in the early 1800’s.
At approximately age thirty-eight John Jones was sentenced to life at Old Bailey and transported to Australia for stealing a breast pin.
England alleviated much of its poverty problems by shipping young immigrants to Australia for both major and minor crimes.
John Jones arrived in Australia in 1836 and received his certificate of freedom seven years later.
With news of the California Gold Rush, John Jones boarded the British brig HMS Broad Axe in Adelaide, arriving in San Francisco 116 days later in 1850.
John Jones became an American citizen in 1859.
(He should not be confused with his contemporary, John P. Jones, who founded the City of Santa Monica in 1875.and was a U.S. Senator from Nevada.)
John Jones came to California in 1850 and then on to Los Angeles where he went into the wholesale grocery business.
Twice a year John Jones would close his store for six weeks while he traveled to San Francisco to buy merchandise, attend synagogue and renew relationships with friends.
In 1853 he also became the first wholesale liqour merchant in Los Angeles.
In the mid-1850’s John Jones returned to San Francisco for several years.
While there, John Jones served as vice-President of Congregation Sheirth Israel.
John Jones returned with his new wife, Doria, to Los Angeles in 1863.
A price war with competitor, Harris Newmark, forced him out of business in 1865.
He joined in partnership in a new wholesale food business with Bernard Cohn around 1867.
This partnership lasted until 1871 when Cohn dissolved the partnership and joined with Hellman, Hass & Co.
John Jones and his wife, Doria, became land owners and developers.
John Jones served on the Los Angeles City Council and was the first Jew to become Council President of Los Angeles in 1871
Both John Jones and Doria Deighton Jones, maintained social ties to the Los Angeles Jewish Community.
When the Ladies Hebrew Benevolent Society was formed in 1870 – the first womens’ charity organization in Los Angeles – Doria Jones was elected Treasurer.
John Jones married Scottish-born, Dora Deighton, a Christian, in the late 1850’s, in San Francisco.
The Jones’ had three children: Mark Gordon, Constance, and Caroline Adelaide.
Caroline Adelaide, married James, the son of Isaac Lankershim.
John Jones passed away in 1876.
Doria Jones died in 1908.
At the time of her death in 1908, she was one of Los Angeles’ largest developers of the inner city.
Information can be found in the following issues of Western States Jewish History:
- Volume 38: #3/4, pages 39, 124, 164, 173, 213, & 221
- Volume 42, #2/3, page 111
More Early Los Angeles Jewish Pioneers
For more Early Los Angeles Jewish Pioneers click here for the Table of Contents.
Some, but not all of the Los Angeles Pioneers, can be reached by clicking on their name on the list near the upper right of this page.
Ava Kahn is the Curator of this John Jones Exhibit